The Chinese were treated very unfairly compared to the Europeans. One example is that the Chinese had to pay tax when they landed in Victoria while the Europeans didn't. The Victorian government was worried about too many Chinese flooding into the goldfields and sending most of the gold back to China. The Chinese avoided this tax by landing in Port Adelaide and then walk across the border to Victoria.
Near gold mines there were often notices saying '' Any Chinesemen found past this point will be shot''. The Europeans often burnt Chinese miner's tents and stole all the gold that the Chinese had found.
At the end of the gold rush some Chinese miners returned to China but some remained in Australia